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Celia Cruz - The Undisputed Queen of Salsa

By

Celia Cruz - The Undisputed Queen of Salsa

Celia Cruz

Courtesy Fania Records

Born:

October 21, 1925 (or 1924) in Havana(Santos Suarez), Cuba (There's some controversy about the date; Cruz was very secretive about her age)

Died: July 16, 2003 in Fort Lee, New Jersey

Trivia:

Celia Cruz' trademark cry of "Azucar" (sugar) is the punchline of a joke she often told at her perfomances. She told it so often, that after years, she would come on stage and just yell "Azucar"!

Watching Celia Cruz perform leaves no doubt that this is a woman in her natural element. Weren't rumba and mambo made for Cruz to sing? To realize how extraordinary Celia Cruz was, you need to take a step back and think about how few women there are in salsa - bet you only need one hand to count them!

Cruz was the first female salsa mega-star. To this day she remains the most important and influential woman of not just salsa, but of Afro-Cuban music in general.

Celia Cruz - Early Days:

Celia Cruz was born Ursula Hilaria Celia Caridad Cruz Alfonso in Havana. She was the second of 4 children, although there were 14 other children in the household. She started singing at an early age, winning musical contest and small prizes. She often told the story about her first pair of shoes, purchased for her by a tourist for whom she sang.

La Sonora Matancera:

Her big break came when she became the lead vocalist for Sonora Matancera, the prominent tropical band of its day. She was not a hit, but the band's leader, Rogelio Martinez, remained firm in his belief in Cruz, even after record executives complained that a woman singing that style of music was not going to sell.

Over time, the Cruz and the subsequent CD became a big success and she toured with the band through the 1950s.

Cruz Emigrates to the U.S.:

In 1959, Sonora Matancera, along with Cruz, went on tour to Mexico. Castro was now in power following the Cuban revolution and the musicians, rather than returning to Havana, went to the U.S. Cruz became a U.S. citizen in 1961 and, the following year, she married Pedro Knight who a trumpeter with the band.

In 1965, both Cruz and Knight left the band to branch out on their own. Since Cruz' solo career was blossoming while Knight's was languishing, he stopped performing to become her manager.

The Fania Years:

In 1966, Cruz and Tito Puente began performing together for Tico records, recording eight albums for the label. A few years later, Cruz performed in Hommy, the Hispanic version of the Who's rock opera Tommy. Her fame was starting to spread in the musical community and it was during this time that she signed with Fania, a new label that was destined to become the most famous salsa label of all time.

A Slow Decade for Cruz:

During the 1980s, the public's appetite for salsa started to die down, but Cruz kept busy with tours of Latin America, television appearances and some cameo roles in cinema. In 1987 she received her own star on Hollywood's "Walk of Fame", just one of the many cities worldwide that boasts a star with Celia Cruz' name on it.

Resurgance:

The 1990s found Cruz in her late 60s and 70s. Rather than starting to wind down her career, it seems that this was the decade that the ever energetic Cruz reaped some of the most satisfying rewards of a brilliant musical life.

These awards included a lifetime achievement awards from both the Smithsonian and the Hispanic Heritage Organization, a street named after her in Miami's Calle Ocho district as well as the distinction of San Francisco declaring October 25th, 1997 as Celia Cruz Day. She went to the White House and received the National Medal of Arts from President Clinton.

Celia Cruz was full of life and music, achieving far more than she ever dreamed of as a young girl in Santos Suarez. Despite all the fame and accolades, she remained warm, friendly and down-to-earth.

In fact, the only big dream she was not able to achieve was a return to her native Cuba.

Early Works (Remastered)

Fania Label (Remastered)

Later Works

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